Causes & consequences of a bank run

Bank run

🚚A bank run occurs when a large number of depositors 💞 withdraw their funds from a bank 🏊 due to concerns about the bank’s solvency or liquidity 💧. This sudden and simultaneous withdrawal of funds can lead to a liquidity crisis for the bank, as it may not have enough cash reserves 💰 to meet the demand for withdrawals.
The effect of a bank run can be significant and can result in a number of negative consequences 😟:
1⃣ First, the bank may be forced to sell assets at a loss 🔻 to raise cash to meet the demand for withdrawals, which can further erode the bank’s financial position.
2⃣ Second, a bank run can trigger a domino effect 🌐, as other depositors may also become concerned about the safety of their deposits and rush to withdraw their funds as well. This can lead to a systemic crisis, as other banks may also experience runs and the entire banking system can be destabilized.
3⃣ Third, a bank run can lead to a credit crunch 💳, as the bank may be unable to lend money to borrowers due to a lack of liquidity. This can have a negative impact on the broader economy, as businesses may struggle to access credit and may be forced to lay off workers or even shut down.
Overall, a bank run can have serious consequences 🌪 for the bank, the banking system, and the broader economy, making it a significant concern for regulators and policymakers 🏛.